ST. LOUIS -- The National Agricultural Statistics Service has issued its March Prices Received Index and Illinois Crop Progress and Condition Report for the week ending May 5.
The March Prices Received Index (Agricultural Production), at 91.9, increased 2.8 percent from February. At 85.7, the Crop Production Index increased 2.1 percent. The Livestock Production Index, at 97.5, increased 3.0 percent. Producers received higher prices for lettuce, cattle, milk, and broilers but lower prices for market eggs, grapefruit, peanuts, and wheat.
Compared with a year earlier, the Prices Received Index is down 3.4 percent. The Crop Production Index decreased 2.6 percent and the Livestock Production Index decreased 2.2 percent. The indexes are calculated using commodity prices and volumes of commodities that producers market. Increased monthly movement of strawberries, cattle, milk, and calves offset the decreased marketing of cotton, apples, greenhouse and nursery, and soybeans. The Food Commodities Index, at 97.2, increased 3.4 percent from the previous month but decreased 2.7 percent from March 2018.
There were 0.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending May 5. Statewide, the average temperature was 55.9 degrees, 1.3 degrees below normal. Precipitation averaged 3.22 inches, 2.33 inches above normal. Topsoil moisture supply was rated at 26 percent adequate and 74 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was rated at 34 percent adequate and 66 percent surplus.
Corn planted reached 10 percent compared to 68 percent last year and 66 percent for the 5-year average. Corn emerged reached 2 percent compared to 12 percent last year.
Soybeans planted was 3 percent compared to 26 percent last year and 16 percent for the 5-year average. Winter wheat headed was 9 percent, compared to 13 percent last year and the 5-year average of 32 percent. Winter wheat condition was rated 6 percent very poor, 14 percent poor, 42 percent fair, 33 percent good, and 5 percent excellent.
For more information on NASS surveys and reports, call the Heartland Regional Field Office at 314-595-9594 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.